Scenario 2 'Green balance'
20 GW in 2030


Policy


Norway is implementing the climate agreements and builds balancing power to contribute to EU’s climate goals. The country’s engagement is accepted by the society.


Market


Major decisions are made at EU level towards the integration of electricity markets. First investment incentives in balancing power are given by possibilities to enter long term contracts backed up by the participating states. Then new market mechanisms and incentives will be created.


Transmission


The capacity of the Norwegian transmission grid will increase substantially and the bottlenecks in the system will stepwise be eliminated through investments. By 2025, 10 GW interconnection capacity will be available between Norway on one side and Sweden, Denmark, the Netherlands, Germany and the UK. This capacity will almost double by 2030 when the new North Sea Supergrid will be fully developed.


Generation


20 GW increase in balancing capacity will be possible by upgrading the generation capacity in some of the existing hydroelectric plants and building new pumped storage units. For example, 13 GW can be developed in the South – West Norway, followed by North Norway (4 GW) and Central-East Norway (3 GW).

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