Scenario 3 'Blue Battery'
50 GW in 2030/2050


Norway has decided to be a ‘green battery’ for Europe. This decision contributes to a faster decommission of fossil and nuclear fuel based generation in EU. All countries are collaborating towards achieving this ambitious goal and are shaping their energy policies to be able to implement efficient measures. All capacity investments and upgrades will be done with a minimum possible impact on the environment and on local communities. However, although the path towards this future is early decided and shaped, it's achievement may extend to 2050 due to the tremendous amount of work to be done.


Major decisions are made at European level towards the integration of electricity markets. At first, investment incentives in balancing power are given by possibilities to enter long term contracts backed up by the participating states. Then, new market mechanisms will be created to allow large scale power exchange and an even benefit sharing across the investors and countries across the energy supply value chain.


The capacity of the Norwegian transmission grid will increase substantially and the internal bottlenecks in the system will be eliminated to make full use of all geographically dispersed hydropower potential. The inter-connection capacity between Norway and countries around the North Sea will have to reach 42-69 GW.


50 GW balancing power will be needed in 2050 if Germany is to achieve 100% renewable electricity supply. This power can be provided by Norway who will need to make major investments both in the existing power plants, using all feasible potential for pumped storage and building new power plants and reservoirs using the country's remaining hydropower potential.